Tuesday, November 22, 2022

Domestic Worker Rights and Duties in Saudi Arabia

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Domestic labor refers to a person who performs work about family or household work. This may include a female domestic worker who cleans the house, prepares meals or takes care of children, a male domestic worker who drives the family car tends to the family garden or guards the house.

Rights of Domestic Workers

The domestic labor shall be allowed to enjoy a daily rest for at least nine hours a day

Weekly Rest

Domestic labor may get one day off per week, based on the agreement of the parties in the contract

Medical care

Medical care shall be provided to the domestic labor under the rules and regulations enforced in the Kingdom

Sick leave

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The domestic labor shall be entitled to a paid sick leave not exceeding thirty days per year upon a medical report that proves his/her need for sick leave.

Upon renewing his/her contract

The domestic labor is entitled to one month paid vacation upon completion of two years of service, and wanted renewal for a similar period.

End of service benefit

The domestic labor shall be entitled to end of service award of one month pay if he/she completed four consecutive years in the service of the employer.

Duties of the Domestic Labor Towards the Employer

Work

The domestic labor is obliged :

  1. To perform the work agreed upon, serving the employer.
  2. Not to reject work or quit service without a legitimate reason.
  3. Not to work for his/her account.

The employer’s orders

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The domestic labor is obliged to follow the orders of the employer and members of his/her family, related to the implementation of the agreed work.

Property of the employer

The domestic labor is obliged to maintain the property of the employer and his/her family members.

Safety of members of the employer’s family

The domestic labor is obliged to not harm any of the family members, including children and the elderly.

Indonesian women watch a vacuuming demonstration at a training center in Jakarta before migrating to Saudi Arabia as domestic workers. © 2006 Susan Meiselas

Privacy of the employer and his/her family members

The domestic labor is obliged to :

  1. Maintain the confidential information of the employer and his/her family members and people in the house, which come to his/her knowledge at work or because of it, and not to disclose it to third parties.
  2. Not harm the dignity of the employer and his/her family members, and not to interfere in their affairs.

Religion of the employer and his/her family members

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The domestic labor is obliged to respect the Islamic religion, and abide by the regulations enforced in the Kingdom, as well as the habits and traditions of the Saudi society, and not to engage in any activity that is detrimental to the family.

Penalty for violation by the employer

Without disobedience to the penalties stipulated for by other regulations, the employer violating the provisions of these regulations shall be subject to penalty as follows:

  1. A fine not exceeding two thousand Riyals, or being prevented from recruiting for one year, or both.
  2. If the violation is repeated, the employer will be punished by a fine of not less than two thousand riyals, and not exceeding five thousand riyals, or prohibited his/her from recruiting for three years, or both.
  3. If the violation is repeated for the third time, the relative committee may prevent the violator from recruitment.
  4. The penalty shall multiply by multiplicity of violations proved against the employer,

Penalty for violation by the domestic labor

Without disobedience to the penalties stipulated for in other regulations, the domestic labor shall be subject to penalty for violating the provisions of the domestic labor regulation as follows:

  1. A fine not exceeding two thousand Riyals, or being prohibited from working in the kingdom, or both.
  2. The penalty shall multiply by multiplicity of violations proved against the domestic labor.

The violating domestic labor shall bear costs of his/her repatriation to his/her country. If his/her financial entitlements are not enough to fulfill the fines imposed on his/her, he/she shall be repatriated to his/her country at the expense of the country.

Fines

The mentioned fines are deposited to a specific bank account to contribute to spending on sheltering female domestic labor, the deportation of both male-female domestic labor, per the mechanism approved by the Minister.

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